UI is the involuntary loss of urine which is objectively demonstrable and causes a social or hygienic problem. It is estimated that anywhere between 25-70% of women suffer from this problem. However the prevalence of urinary incontinence in the community has been severely underestimated. This is because 40% women feel embarrassed to talk about this problem to their doctors and >60% women perceived urine loss as a normal consequence of ageing. Less than half the individuals living in the community with UI seek treatment.
The medical consequences of UI include rash, pressure sores, skin and urinary tract infections and falls. Psycho-social consequences include restriction of social and sexual activity and depressive symptoms. There are three major types of urinary incontienence.