Infections of the urinary tract are very common in young as well as in older women. The entire urinary tract right from the kidney to the urethra (urine tube) can get infected. These infections can either be ascending which is the commonest route or more rarely can spread by blood. Patients with UTI present with flank pain, haematuria (blood in urine), fever, burning micturition, urgency and frequency. Frequently travel and rarely sexual intercourse can also trigger UTI. Investigations for UTI’s are very important before embarking on treatment. A urine culture positive for the growth of bacteria in significant amounts point to an infection. Treatment usually involves the use of antibiotics and in resistant cases a check cystoscopy may be required.